Indonesia is unquestionably one of the world’s top biodiversity rich countries and thus a priority for global conservation. The Indonesian archipelago’s 17,000 islands are home to roughly 12% of the world’s mammals, 16% of the world’s reptiles and amphibians, 17% of the world’s birds and 25% of global fish populations. Yet this biodiversity faces a myriad of threats including logging and palm oil plantation expansion.
Fauna & Flora International (FFI) established a formal country programme in Indonesia in 1996 with a Memorandum of Understanding with the Ministry of Forestry. We have since built up an extensive network of partners ranging from forest-edge communities and civil society organisations to government and private business.
People are at the centre of our conservation initiatives. We are at the forefront of efforts to help communities map their customary forests and gain official recognition of their right to manage these areas.
FFI’s innovative approach has catalysed change through a number of flagship programmes in Indonesia, including the community ranger initiative which has transformed former combatants, wildlife poachers and loggers into champions of the environment.
We are also pioneering sustainable financing mechanisms through reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) initiatives in Aceh and Kalimantan. Our work on surveying what is called ‘High Conservation Value Forest’ has also been critical in protecting key orang-utan habitat from conversion to palm oil plantations or other destructive activities.
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